Ex Partner Stalking
Ex partner stalking comprises the biggest victim group. It accounts for approximately 60% of all cases. In many of the cases there is a history of psychological, financial and/or physical abuse.
Even if there has been no previous history of physical abuse, police should still treat stalking as domestic abuse incident. The law offers domestic abuse victims greater protection than harassment victims; for example it can be easier to get a non-molestation order which is a type of restraining order.
Ex partner stalking, where there has been previous abuse, increases risk for criminal damage, assault, rape and murder. Jealousy is another risk factor. Abusers who have an attitude "if I can't have her no one will" are of serious concern.
There are several issues that make helping ex-partner victims more difficult. If they have left an abusive, controlling relationship then the emotional damage can make it very challenging. They are already having to deal with an overwhelming situation and then to add stalking to the mix can be too much.
The other issue is that the stalker knows the victim so well. They know how they think, routines, who they rely on for support. They know how to manipulate the victim and those around them.
They are also better at stalking. Approximately 50% of abuse victims are being stalked by their partners before they leave the relationship. The abuser will spy on what they are doing online, who they call or text, which websites they visit and who they contact.
In other words, they are an expert on the victim. They use that expertise to spy, intimidate, humiliate and manipulate the victim.